In partnership with the Maine Memory Network Maine Memory Network

Biddeford History & Heritage Project

Sharing the history of a proud city rising where the water falls


PLEASE NOTE: The Biddeford Heritage Project made extensive use of the local newspaper, in its many incarnations, in researching for the Narrative and the Exhibits. Project members often spent time simply reading through the paper for a given year or years to get a "feel" for the time--specifically before and during the Civil War and during World War II. It is for this reason that you will see simple citations for the newspapers we used in this manner.

Biddeford High School Cadets, ca. 1897
Biddeford High School Cadets, ca. 1897
Biddeford Historical Society


Annual report of the Adjutant General of the State of Maine. Maine. Adjutant General. Augusta (Me.) : Stevens & Sayward, printers to the state, 1862- 1867. (C)

Annual report of the municipal officers of the town of Biddeford. Biddeford, Me. : The Town. 1860-66. (C)

Baker, Emerson W. "The world of Thomas Gorges: Life in the province of Maine in the 1640's." American beginnings: Exploration, culture, and cartography in the land of Norumbega. Ed. Emerson W. Baker et als. Lincoln, Ne.: Universtiy of Nebraska Press, 1994. 261-282. Print. (N)

Biddeford Daily Journal (Biddeford, Me.) newspaper, 1941-1942. (N)

Clayton, W.W., et al. History of York County, Maine: with illustrations and biographical sketches of its prominent men and pioneers. Philadelphia, Pa.: Everts & Peck, 1880. (M)

Downs, Jacques M. The cities on the Saco. Norfolk, Va.: Donning Company, 1985. (N, A)

Emery, Edwin. The history of Sanford, Maine, 1661-1900. Ed. Willam Morrell Emery and Rachel Bean Perkins. Sanford, Me.: Harland H. Eastman, 1987. (A)

Estelle M. Tatterson Collection. Biddeford Historical Society. (N, M)

Everybody's Uncle Sam: the life and legacy of Sam L. Cohen. Sam L. Cohen Foundation, GabbeLights Productions, 2009. DVD. (M) *Watch this video online!*

Fairburn, William Armstrong. Merchant Sail. Center Lovell, Me.: Fairburn Marine Educational Foundation, 1955. (S)

Flagg, James Montgomery. Roses and buckshot. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1946. (A)

Folsom, George. History of Saco and Biddeford, with notices of other early settlements and of the propietary governments, in Maine, including the provinces of New Somersetshire and Lygonia. Saco: Alex C. Putnam, 1830. Web. (Google Books) 1 Jan 2010. (N, A, M, S)

Frost, John E. The Biddeford (Maine) record book. S.l.: s.n., 1968. (M)

" George Thacher correspondence, 1785-1795 ," Feb. 2010. Collection abstract at the American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Ma.: American Antiquarian Society. Web. (M)

George Thacher Papers (1787-c.1950). (DC.1) McArthur Library Special Collections. (M)

Ghere, David L. "The 'disappearance' of the Abenaki in Western Maine: Political organizations and ethnocentric assumptions." American Indian Quarterly 17.2 (1993): 193-208. Academic Search Premier. 1 Jan 2010. (N)

Ghere, David L. "Myths and methods in Abenaki demography: Abenaki population recovery, 1725-1750." Ethnohistory 44.3 (1997): 511-534. Academic Search Premier. 1 Jan 2010. (N)

Hendrick, Peg. "Rumery Boats Cruise the World." Biddeford-Saco Journal (Biddeford, Me.) 6 Apr. 1968: A1. Print. (S)

Lawton, R.J. Franco-Americans of the state of Maine, U.S.A., and their achievements: historical, descriptive, and biographical. Lewiston, Me.: H.F. Roy, 1915. (N, M)

Maine Democrat (Saco, Me.) newspaper, 1857-1867. (N, C, S)

Maine Historical Society. Collections of Maine Historical Society: Documentary history of the state of Maine. 2nd Series, Vol. 22. Portland, Me.: Tower Co., 1916. Web. (Google Books) 1 Jan 2010. (N)

"Maine Indian Tribes." Access Genealogy. Access Genealogy, n.d. Web. 1 Jan 2010. (N)

Maine: The Pine Tree State from prehistory to the present. Ed. Richard W. Judd, Edwin A. Churchill, Joel W. Eastman. Orono, Me.: University of Maine Press, 1995.

Mason, Ella Jordan. History of the old high school, Biddeford, Maine 1848-1881. Biddeford, Me.: s.n., 1935. (N, M)

Massachusetts Historical Society.Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society. 2nd Series, Vol. 4. Boston: Little Brown, 1816. Web. (Google Books) 4 Jan 2010. (N)

McArthur Family Papers (c.1865-c.1944). (DC.34) McArthur Library Special Collections. (N, C)

National archives project. Ships registers and enrollments of Saco, Maine, 1791-1915. Rockland, Me.: The National Archives Project, 1942. (S)

Pepperell Sheet Feb.1941: 24. McArthur Library Special Collections. (A)

Pepperell Sheet Oct. 1947: 13. McArthur Library Special Collections. (A)

Rumery's Boat Yard: on the Saco River, Biddeford, Maine. Rumery's Boat Yard. Web. 1 Feb. 2010. (S)

Salvas-Coulombe Theatre Collection (1885-1991). (DC.49) McArthur Library Special Collections. (N, A)

Textile Manufacture Collection (1844-2010). (DC.14) McArthur Library Special Collections. (N, A)

Thursday Club Collection. Biddeford Historical Society. (T)

Thursday Club Collection (1894-1985). (DC.51) McArthur Library Special Collections. (T)

"A Timeline of Native American Culture." Home: The story of Maine. Maine Public Broadcasting Network. Web. 1 Jan 2010. (N)

Union (Saco, Me.) newspaper, 1851-1852. (C, S)

Union & Journal (Biddeford, Me.) newspaper, 1861-1864. (N, A, C, S)

"Wabanaki Timeline." Abbe Museum. Abbe Museum. Web. 1 Jan 2010. (N)

Westpoint Pepperell: Biddeford Operations - Consumer Products Division. Biddeford, Me.: Westpoint Pepperell, 1977. Print. (McArthur Library Special Collections, DC.14) (A)

Yorke, Dane. A history and stories of Biddeford. Biddeford, Me.: McArthur Public Library, 1994. (N, M, S)

Yorke, Dane. The men and times of Pepperell: an account of the first hundred years of the Pepperell Manufacturing Company, incorporated February 16, 1844. Boston: Pepperell Manufacturing Company, 1945. (N)